Sinusitis and kids

Sinusitis is the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the air sinuses. Sinuses are the air-filled cavities present in the frontal, maxilla, ethmoid, and sphenoid bones. Although the disease most frequently affects adults, but the small children may also get affected. The reason behind the small ratio of children is that they have underdeveloped sinuses. Almost less than 1% of all the nose and throat infections in kids can be attributed to sinusitis.

sinus pockets

Types Of Sinusitis

There are three types of sinusitis.

  • Acute sinusitis (lasting less than three months)
  • Chronic sinusitis (present more than three months)
  • Recurrent infections (occur more than three times a year)

Causing Factors in Children

When the infection of the upper respiratory tract such as the common cold lasts more than 10-14 days, symptoms of acute sinusitis begin to appear. The secretions of previous diseases block the sinuses which make the environment favorable resulting in bacterial growth. The increased bacterial growth causes the symptoms of sinusitis. Then there are viral infections as well which lead to sinusitis.

Symptoms in Children

cold in kids

For both the chronic and acute cases the symptoms are similar:

  • Increase in temperature of the body up to 101’o
  • Thick yellow or green secretions
  • Blockage of nasal cavities, postnasal dripping
  • Headache and pressure in sinuses, feeling heavy.
  • Surroundings of the eye become swollen.
  • The bad smell in-breath (halitosis)
  • Loss of smell
  • Coughing

How to Diagnose?

The doctor will give the physical examination of your child through the instruments after taking the complete history. He may ask for some tests to confirm the diagnosis and to evaluate the severity of the disease.

  • X-ray of sinuses
  • CT scan of sinuses
  • Microscopic examination of the cultures from nasal secretions

Kids Sinus Remedies

If your child has a common cold-like symptoms, and has symptoms for more than a week, then probably the issue is sinusitis.

nebulization

First, you should make your child feel better with very simple yet effective remedies:

  • Steam Inhalation: Either with a device which gives a consistent flow of steam or use the hot water bowl with towel. Adding bit of Vapor Rub (avoid using ones with petroleum jelly) will make it more effective. help to relieve sinuspressure and irrigates and dilates the sinuses removing the mucus.
  • Gargling: Gargling with saline or Povidone-iodine helps reduce infections in upper respiratory tract by vibrating the throat and sinus passages and helping them open to let the mucus out
  • OTC Products like Saline Nasal Spray, Nasal Wash with Neti if your kid can cooperate will also help countering infection and relief from Sinus pressure
  • Use Vapor Rubs or Vapor Patch for nasal blockage. Avoid ones with synthetic chemicals like Petroleum Jelly.

 

Bibo Helps!

Bibo Saline Nasal Spray is effective against bacteria due to its ingredient basil (tulsi) which is antibacterial inaction. Thus, it opens the blocked nose.

Bibo hot kadha mix is a combination of 15 Ayurveda products that have a remarkable capacity to overcome any type of congestion, flu, inflammation. Its ingredients have intrinsic power to treat sinusitis efficiently.

Bibo vapor patch, a hand’s free inhaler, is useful in giving fresh breathing.  Kids often resist applying balm and in such case this patch is handy. Just place when kid is sleeping with some difficulty in breathing freely and see how the wheezing sound disappears most of the time.

 References

  • Choi, S. H. (2019). A Retrospective Study of Chronic Sinusitis in Children Treated by Korean Medicine-Using Paranasal Sinus Water's View. A Retrospective Study of Chronic Sinusitis in Children Treated by Korean Medicine-Using Paranasal Sinus Water's View, 69-81.
  • Dale, A. P., & Marchello, C. &. (2019). linical gestalt to diagnose pneumonia, sinusitis, and pharyngitis. a meta-analysis. British Journal of General Practice, e444-e453.
  • Sato, K., Chitose, S. I., Sato, K., Sato, F., & Ono, T. &. (2020). Histopathology of maxillary sinus mucosa with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis. . Laryngoscope investigative otolaryngology, 205-209.

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