Are you searching for asthma, the most common noncommunicable problem? Yes, asthma is indeed a common public health problem. Every country either developed or non-developed has a bulk portion of the population that suffered from asthma.
In India, the disease is especially prominent due to unhygienic conditions and polluted air. The prevalence rate in India is almost 55 per 1000 individuals. If you want to manage the disease you must have detailed knowledge about the symptoms, pathogenesis, and causes of the disease.
Asthma is defined as the inflammation in the respiratory tract that causes the swelling and narrowing of the bronchial tubes with excessive mucus secretions. Various irritants and allergens trigger the manifestations of the disease. This includes air-borne allergens such as pollen, smoke particle, dust, etc.
If you want to know about Asthma, then yeah, you are right place. According to us asthma is a chronic respiratory tract infection. People having asthma become vulnerable to pollen, dust particles, spores, smoke, etc.
These factors are called allergens. When the patient inhales allergens, the immune system responds overly resulting in marked secretions of mediators causing inflammation.
Inflammation causes excessive mucus secretions resulting in swelling and narrowing of bronchi. Narrowing of the respiratory tract causes difficulty in breathing.
Indications of Asthma
Asthma exposes itself in three ways.
- Respiratory tract blockage causes the muscles of the airway to contract and tighten due to which air is trapped in the lings and cannot be exhaled. in normal people, the muscles are relaxed due to which air can be inhaled and exhaled easily.
- Inflammation the lining of bronchi gets inflamed causing the tubes to red and swollen. The inflammation episodes repeat with the breaks of uninflamed normally working bronchi.
- Airway sensitivity the respiratory tubes become sensitive to special bodies in the environment. Such objects when inhaled trigger airway tubes. They overreact to these bodies resulting in narrowing in the respiratory tree (Papadopoulos, 2020).
- Wheezing breath, a whistling sound produces during the breathing.
- Difficult breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Coughing especially after hard work or at night.
- Trouble in sleeping because of shortness of breathing.
- Pressure at chest due to incomplete relaxation of intercostal muscles and compression of ribs
- Respiratory tract infections such as lung diseases, allergies, emphysema, pneumonia, etc.
- Sex of the individual, a male has higher chances of getting asthma as compared to girls.
- Environment, containing higher amounts of dust particles such as polluted air, passive smoking, etc.
- The disease may be present in genes that are transferred from parents to children.
- Immunity also play role in getting asthma. People having a large amount of IgE are vulnerable to asthma.
How it is different from sinusitis?
Asthma is the inflammation of the respiratory tract while sinusitis is the inflammation of nasal sinuses. Asthma is caused by irritants and allergens, while sinusitis is caused by the virus, bacteria, and fungi.
Asthma is characterized by shortness of breath and tightness in the chest, wheezing, and coughing. Sinusitis is characterized by nasal discharge, redness of the nose, and fever.
Now you are a bit closer to the treatment of potentially lethal disease. By knowing our treatment, you will be able to treat your beloved one. There are various drugs and methods are used to treat severe asthma. These drugs include:
Medication’s corticosteroid injections and
inhalers, long-acting beta-agonists e.g. (formoterol,
salmeterol, vilanterol), theophylline, montelukast,
ipratropium bromide aerosols
- Lifestyle changes and Preventive measures try to keep yourself protected from any allergens in the environment. Eat less fatty food and do exercise regularly so that obesity can be decreased. Stop smoking and avoid sitting in smoking areas to protect themselves from passive smoking.
Have you heard about our five natural products made by India collectively called Bibo Complete Protection Pack? We preferentially use them for the treatment of sore throat, cough, cold, and asthma. These include saline nasal spray, cough syrup, vapor rub, vapor patch, and hot kadha mix. Saline nasal spray which has tulsi and xylitol as ingredients, when used regularly protects from the episodes of sinusitis and asthma.
- Huang, C. J. (2019). Post-radiation sinusitis is associated with recurrence in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Radiation Oncology, 1-8.
- Kawauchi, H. Y. (2019). Antihistamines for allergic rhinitis treatment from the viewpoint of nonsedative properties. International journal of molecular sciences, 213. Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/1/213
- Panettieri Jr, R. A. (2018). Tralokinumab for severe, uncontrolled asthma (STRATOS 1 and STRATOS 2): two randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 clinical trials. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 511-525. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S221326001830184X
- Papadopoulos, N. G.‐G. (2020). The evolving algorithm of biological selection in severe asthma. Allergy, 1555-1563. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1876285918300111
- Shah, A. &. (2009). Allergic rhinitis and co-morbid asthma: perspective from India-ARIA Asia-Pacific Workshop report. Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology, 27(1), 71. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=u5RuSL8AAAAJ&hl=en&oi=sra
- Sverrild, A. K., Brejnrod, A., Pedersen, R., & Porsbjerg, C. B. (2017). Eosinophilic airway inflammation in asthmatic patients is associated with an altered airway microbiome. ournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 140(2), 407-417. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0091674916324757
- White, C. W. (2018). Fevipiprant in the treatment of asthma. Expert opinion on investigational drugs, 199-207. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13543784.2018.1432592
- Williams, J. W. (1993). Does this patient have sinusitis?: Diagnosing acute sinusitis by history and physical examination. Jama, 1242-1246. Retrieved from https://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/ben/cmc/2020/00000027/00000041/art00003
- Workman, A. D., & Granquist, E. J. ((2018). Odontogenic sinusitis: developments in diagnosis, microbiology, and treatment. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, 26(1), 27-33. Retrieved from https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/wk/moo/2018/00000026/00000001/art00006